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APPLIED GEOPHYSICS  2018, Vol. 15 Issue (2): 165-174    DOI: 10.1007/s11770-018-0675-8
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The pore structure of tight limestone—Jurassic Ziliujing Formation, Central Sichuan Basin, China
Liu Yun-Long1, Zhang Yuan-Zhong1, Wang Yong-Jun2, and Wang Li-Geng1
1. State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China.
2. PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development, Beijing 100083, China.
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Abstract The pore structure of the tight limestone in the Daanzhai Member of the Ziliujing Formation, Jurassic System, in central Sichuan Basin, China, is complex but essential to the exploration and development of tight oil. The pore structure of the tight limestone is studied by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption, high-pressure mercury intrusion, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The experimental results suggest that the pores are mainly slit pores and mesopores and macropores contribute to the pore volume and specific surface. The displacement pressure, average pore size, and homogeneity coefficient correlate with porosity and permeability and can be used to evaluate the pore structure. The full pore-size distribution was obtained by combining nitrogen adsorption and high-pressure mercury intrusion. We find that the limestone mainly contains mesopores with diameter of 2−50 nm. The T2 distribution was converted into pore-size distribution, well matching the full pore-size distribution. The relation between T2 and pore size obeys a power law and the geometric mean of T2 correlates with the pore structure and can be used in the pore structure evaluation.
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LIU Yun-Long
ZHANG Yuan-Zhong-1
WANG Yong-Jun
WANG Li-Geng
Key wordsTight oil   limestone   pore structure   nitrogen adsorption   mercury intrusion   nuclear magnetic resonance     
Received: 2018-01-10;

The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41374144), the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2014CB239201), and SINOPEC Key Laboratory of Geophysics.

Cite this article:   
LIU Yun-Long,ZHANG Yuan-Zhong-1,WANG Yong-Jun et al. The pore structure of tight limestone—Jurassic Ziliujing Formation, Central Sichuan Basin, China[J]. APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, 2018, 15(2): 165-174.
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