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APPLIED GEOPHYSICS  2018, Vol. 15 Issue (2): 197-207    DOI: 10.1007/s11770-018-0674-9
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Wideband dipole logging based on segment linear frequency modulation excitation
Cao Xue-Shen1,2,3, Chen Hao1,2,3, Li Ping1,2, He Hong-Bin1,3, Zhou Yin-Qiu1,3, and Wang Xiu-Ming1,2,3
1. State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.
3. Beijing Engineering Research Center of sea deep drilling and exploration, Beijing 100190, China.
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Abstract A wideband dipole signal is required for dipole dispersion correction and near-borehole imaging. To obtain the broadband flexural wave dispersion, we use a nonlinear frequency modulation (NLFM) signal and propose a segment linear frequency modulation (SLFM) signal as the dipole excitation signal to compensate for the excitation intensity. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the signal over the entire frequency band is increased. The finite-difference method is used to simulate the responses from a Ricker wavelet, a linear frequency modulation (LFM) signal, an NLFM signal, and an SLFM signal in two borehole models of a homogeneously hard formation and a radially stratified formation. The dispersion and radial tomography results at low SNR of the sound source signals are compared. Numerical modeling suggests that the energy of the flexural waves excited by the Ricker wavelet source is concentrated near the Airy phase. In this case, the dispersion is incomplete and information regarding the formation near or far from the borehole cannot be obtained. The LFM signal yields dispersion information near the Airy phase and the high-frequency range but not in the low-frequency range. Moreover, the information regarding the formation far from the borehole is not accurate. The NLFM signal extends the frequency range of the flexural waves by compensating for the excitation intensity and yields information regarding the formation information, but it is not easy to obtain. The SLFM signal yields the same results as the NLFM signal and is easier to implement. Consequently, the dipole detection range expands and the S-wave velocity calculation accuracy improves.
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Key wordsDipole acoustic logging   dispersion   frequency modulation   finite difference     
Received: 2017-12-10;
Fund:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11574347, 11734017, 91630308, and 11374322), the Youth Talent Project of the Institute of Acoustics of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. QNYC201619), and the PetroChina Innovation Foundation (No. 2016D-5007-0304).

Cite this article:   
. Wideband dipole logging based on segment linear frequency modulation excitation[J]. APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, 2018, 15(2): 197-207.
 
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